What is Acne? Causes, Signs, Treatment and Prevention

Acne is a skin condition that affects people of all races and ages. It can occur in a mild form or severe one.

Some factors that cause acne include diet (avoid chocolate and greasy foods), hormone changes (androgens increase in teens causing the sebaceous glands to enlarge, which leads to more oil) and certain medications. Accutane for acne is best option for treating.

What is Acne?

Acne is a common skin condition that causes spots, oily skin and sometimes skin that’s hot or painful to touch. It happens when hair follicles become clogged with sebum (oil that helps keep skin from drying out) and dead skin cells. This leads to pimples and other lesions. Acne can occur on any part of the body, but it’s most common in teens and young adults. It often appears on the face, neck, chest and shoulders because these areas have many hair follicles connected to oil glands.

Most acne is mild and goes away on its own without treatment. But some types of acne are more severe and can lead to permanent scarring. These include cystic acne, which can form large cysts under the skin, nodules, which are small, firm lumps that have a raised surface and pus-filled bumps and pyoderma faciale, a rare but serious condition that causes deep, painful, solid lesions.

To help prevent acne, it’s important to wash your face gently. Vigorous scrubbing can cause irritation and make the spots worse. You should also avoid squeezing or picking at spots, which can lead to inflammation and scarring. It’s best to use a gentle cleanser and lukewarm water. Also, be sure to wear makeup and sunscreen that are labeled “noncomedogenic” or “nonacnegenic,” which means they won’t clog pores.


Almost everyone experiences acne at some point, and it’s not always easy to know what causes it. Some factors are controllable, such as washing your face daily and using non-comedogenic personal care products, while others may be uncontrollable, like hormone fluctuations and environmental pollution. Regardless, it’s important to understand the causes of acne and take steps to prevent breakouts.

Washing your skin twice a day, especially before applying makeup and before bed, is an essential part of a skincare routine that promotes healthy, glowing skin. Not washing your face often enough can allow dirt and oil to build up on the surface of the skin, which can clog pores and cause inflammation. If you have oily skin, use a cleanser that contains salicylic acid to help reduce excess oil and help keep your pores clean.

Eating a well-balanced diet is also key to maintaining a clear complexion. Although it is commonly believed that eating a lot of chocolate or greasy foods will cause acne, these foods actually do not make your acne worse. Instead, focus on eating healthy fruits and vegetables, as well as lean protein, to promote healthy skin.

The new year is a great time to commit to a healthy lifestyle that will benefit your body and mind. A simple skincare routine and intentional lifestyle choices can make 2024 the year of stunning skin health!


If creating a healthy lifestyle is one of your New Year’s resolutions, don’t forget to include a skin-care routine. Achieving radiant and glowing skin is not just a matter of good genetics, it’s a tapestry that is woven together from many threads, including the right skincare habits. If you’re looking to learn more about how to develop good skincare habits, check out the Florida Academy of Esthetics skin care training program. They offer facials, waxing, body wraps and makeup.


Having clear, glowing skin is something that many people strive to achieve. While genetics and lifestyle are often to blame, forming good habits and taking protective measures is key to maintaining healthy and glowing skin.

One of the best ways to prevent breakouts is by washing your face correctly. Cleansing twice a day, in the morning before makeup and at night before going to bed, can help keep sebum and oil from clogging pores, allowing skin to breathe freely.

Another important aspect of skincare is a nutritious diet. Incorporating fresh fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and omega-3 fatty acids into your daily meals can promote a healthy glow from the inside out.

Getting enough sleep is also crucial to glowing skin, as it allows your body to repair and recharge, including the skin. Ensure you are getting at least 8 hours of restful sleep each night to allow your complexion to reap the benefits. Lastly, avoiding tight clothing and accessories like scarves and headbands can help reduce blemishes by letting skin breathe. By following these simple tips, anyone can achieve radiant and healthy skin. If you would like to learn more about how to treat different types of skin conditions, the skincare training program at Florida Academy is a great place to start.